In reference to the sermon held in the city of Buenos Aires on May 16, , when he was still Cardinal Distinguished Mr. Allow us to turn to your person to clarify a few points made by you regarding Gnosis. You say that we need, before anything, an evangelizing Church. Unquestionably the work of evangelization is very laudable, but you must first of all know that the Catholics are not the only evangelizers of our troubled world, there are also evangelizers of other religious currents that have been very much detested by the Church over which you preside. And in this work we include not only to provide a doctrinaire message to the people, but also to feed the hungry, give drink to the thirsty, clothe the naked, teach the ignorant, etc. Do you, respectable Mr.
When Were the Gospels Written?
Did a historical Jesus exist? The power of faith has so forcefully driven the minds of most believers, and even apologetic scholars, that the question of reliable evidence gets obscured by tradition, religious subterfuge, and outrageous claims. The following gives a brief outlook about the claims of a historical Jesus and why the evidence the Christians present us cannot serve as justification for reliable evidence for a historical Jesus.
All claims about Jesus derive from writings of other people. There occurs no contemporary Roman record that shows Pontius Pilate executing a man named Jesus. Devastating to historians, there occurs not a single contemporary writing that mentions Jesus.
Gnostic View of God. The Gnostic view of God is pantheistic, that is God dwells in all things and via emanation, all things are of God. To quote, “in philosophy emanation [Latin, flowing from], cosmological concept that explains the creation of the world by a series .
To quote, “in philosophy emanation [Latin, flowing from], cosmological concept that explains the creation of the world by a series of radiations, or emanations, originating in the godhead. It is characteristic of Neoplatonism and of Gnosticism and Hinduism. An element of pantheism exists within Christianity as the Holy Spirit. Emanation is opposed to the Jewish concept of a transcendent God.
Gnostics of all kinds deny the idea that God directly created the material world, which they see as corrupt or fallen. This is the one area where official Christianity clearly differs from Gnosticism, or tries to. To quote, Plato refers to the Demiurge frequently in the Timaeus as the entity who “fashioned and shaped” the material world. Plato describes the Demiurge as unreservedly good and hence desirous of a world as good as possible. The world remains allegedly imperfect because the Demiurge had to work on pre-existing chaotic matter.
Christianity and Judaism claim “God” the Creator is good, but Christians claim the soul is corrupt due to the sin of Adam.
What if Muhammad was a myth and Islam a Gnostic teaching?
In relation with the feeding of the Lk9: Because those are sayings “logias” only, I do not see here any relation with GMatthew, more so owing to “compiled” rather than “composed” , as shown in most copies of Eusebius’ work HC. Furthermore, the fact that “Matthew” was attributed a collection of sayings therefore emphasizing Jesus as a sage is supported by the gospel of Thomas: Matthew said to him, “You are like a wise philosopher. Irenaeus, ‘Against Heresies’, V,
Excellent review that shows why these are not considered part of the synoptic Gospels. Clearly Gnostic in origin, and dated much later than the Biblical books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John,.Jesus said to beware of false prophets – and clearly the authors of these bogus Gospels fit that description.
Retrieved February 8, Andrew in the leading role. What they were is uncertain. Fabricius supposes that Merinthus and Cerinthus are the same person and that Cerinthus was changed into Merinthus by the way of banter or reproach. Although Epiphanius makes them into two different persons, yet in the heresy of the Cerinthians, he professes himself uncertain. The gospel purports to be an old manuscript found in an old Alexandria Library giving a graphic and detailed account of Jesus as a friend of Jesus.
Vintage Books, New York: The many documents mentioned by Dr. Pagels in this introduction are all in the Gnostic Society Library — we have added links to the specific documents where they are first mentioned in the text. Rumors obscured the circumstances of this find–perhaps because the discovery was accidental, and its sale on the black market illegal.
For years even the identity of the discoverer remained unknown.
A very interesting article. What if Muhammad never really existed and Islam is a Gnostic spiritual teaching masquerading in the Muhammad myth?
The other two books were written by Mark and Luke, close associates of the apostles. These writers had direct access to the facts they were recording. At the time of their writing, there were still people alive who had heard Jesus speak, watched him heal people and perform miracles. So the early church readily accepted the four gospels because they agreed with what was already common knowledge about Jesus’ life. Each of the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, read like news reports, a factual accounting of the days events, each from their own perspective.
The descriptions are unique to each writer, but the facts are in agreement. For a sample from one of the Gospels, click here. Sample of what is presented in one of the Gospels The Gospels are presented as matter-of-fact, “this is how it was.
The Gnostic Gospels
The present article is confined to the consideration of the relations and general features of the first 3 Gospels Matthew, Mark, Luke –ordinarily named “the nodetitle ,” because, in contrast with the Fourth Gospel, they present, as embodying a common tradition, the same general view of the life and teaching of Jesus during His earthly ministry, and of His death and resurrection.
The Fourth Gospel, in itself and in its relation to the Synoptics, with the Johannine literature and theology generally, are treated in special articles. See Gospel of John ; Johannine Theology , etc.
The Nag Hammadi Library B I B L I O T H È Q U E D E N A G H A M M A D I Introduction from «The Gnostic Gospels» by Elaine Pagels In December an Arab peasant made an astonishing archeological discovery in Upper Egypt.
The Catholics made purely theological arguments as to why Jesus Christ had to have existed “in the flesh” None of these points are meant to stand on their own, but collectively they provide a very strong argument against the story of Jesus Christ being based on a real person. It is important to note that we have one, and only one, source of information about the life of Jesus and that is the Christian Gospels.
The Gospels are the sole source of information about this figure; everything that we “know” about “him” depends on these sources. There are two basic views of the Biblical Jesus as a real person today, the religious Christian view and the secular historical view. The religious Christian view takes the Gospels as accurate and reliable accounts of the life of Jesus, including all of the miracles.
The religious Christian view demands that Jesus Christ was a popular and well known figure in the region, who drew crowds of thousands of people and performed great miracles, who was such a revolutionary figure that the Jewish priesthood was compelled to have him arrested and put to death in dramatic fashion before hundreds or thousands of witnesses. The secular historical view basically starts with the Gospels and then removes the fantastic or “supernatural” claims in the Gospels and accepts what is left as history.
The secular historical view tends to minimize the role of Jesus in the region, stating instead that he was barely noticed by others. Secular historians who believe that Jesus existed rely on the Gospels as essentially historical, but inflated, accounts of his life. But are the Gospels reliable historical accounts? The Gospel of Mark is the first story of Jesus that was written, and all others are dependent on it The origin of the Gospels has always been unknown.
At no point has anyone that we know of really known who wrote any of the Gospels, when they were written, or even where they were written. Each of the Gospels could have been written anywhere from Egypt to Rome, and the estimated dates for their writing range from around 50 CE at the earliest estimates to about CE at the latest, with a minority of people proposing dates into the 4th century.
The traditional explanation for the origin of the Gospels has been that they were each written independently by people who were either disciples of Jesus or who received their information from disciples of Jesus.
Why You Can Believe the Bible
While they were written too late to be legitimate eyewitness accounts, they were built on the core truths of Gospels albeit altered and embellished by authors with specific motivations. There are good reasons to reject these texts , but there is much we can learn about Jesus as well. We do, however, have a few fragments and evidence from letters written by Clement of Alexandria AD and Origen AD that quote the Preaching of Peter in several places.
Amazingly, the question of an actual historical Jesus rarely confronts the religious believer. The power of faith has so forcefully driven the minds of most believers, and even apologetic scholars, that the question of reliable evidence gets obscured by tradition, religious subterfuge, and outrageous claims.
But others, either because of intentional obfuscation by the author or by virtue of being written in dead languages, remain mysterious to the scholars that study them. From obscure religious texts and books about magic to unbreakable codes and ciphers, the following are the ten artifacts of literature that have most confounded researchers and translators. The Codex Seraphinianus Written between and by Italian artist Luigi Serafini, the Codex Seraphinianus is nothing if not an intentional attempt at creating something mysterious.
As much as it can be understood, the book is said to be an encyclopedia of an imaginary planet, complete with maps and drawings of plant and animal life. Most interesting of all, Serafini wrote the book in the language of his hypothetical world. The whole Codex is composed in a bizarre alphabet that has still yet to be translated even after intense study by linguists. One page depicts fruit that seems to bleed, while another shows fish that are shaped like flying saucers. The Liber Linteus The Liber Linteus is an ancient text that dates back to the days of the Etruscans, a culture that flourished in Italy in the years prior to the rise of the Roman Empire.
In addition to being one of the oldest and longest Etruscan documents, the Liber Linteus is also notable for being the only known example of a book made from linen. Even more interesting than the document itself is the context of its discovery. After the fall of the Etruscans, artifacts of their culture like the Liber Linteus ceased to hold any significance to the Romans. What they did care about, though, was the linen cloth that the book was written on.
This was because after the Romans conquered Egypt, many of them began to embrace the custom of mummification, which required that the body be wrapped in cloth. It was through this practice that the Liber Linteus, which was probably seen as a useless artifact, was eventually used as a funeral wrapping for the mummified body of the wife an Egyptian tailor.